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OPEN LETTER from Myrna Herzog regarding the damage of the Lewis Viola on Alitalia flights.

Myrna Herzog with his twin violas da gamba

From the Atelier we have to say we are in shock with this situation, we're horrified, the level of destruction is insane; the instrument, the case, is just unbelievable! and any of us can be the next victim. We talk with Myrna Herzog about this and we hope all this situation will be resolved soon.

In the next open letter from Myrna Herzog you can find answers to many of the doubts and questions that some people had about what happened.


AN OPEN LETTER regarding the damage of the Lewis viol on

Alitalia flights AZ673 and AZ806

Before answering the many questions voiced over facebook, I wish to heartily thank all the amazing, outstanding people from different parts of the world who generously offered support and help, with concern and empathy. I would like also to stress that no unfortunate event will ever change my great love and admiration for Italy, its people, culture, and music.

First question:

Can the Lewis viol be repaired?

Yes, it can, and with luck it will be singing again in next season’s concerts, marking 20 years of the Israeli PHOENIX ensemble.

Second question:

Is the Lewis really a viol (viola da gamba)?

Yes, it is. Since 1994 I have been writing articles on the subject of viols with violin/cello features (like the Lewis), that were published in the Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians (Quinton entry), Early Music (cover article of the Feb 2000 issue), the Journals of the British and the American Viola da Gamba Societies, and of the Galpin Society, and in the book The Italian Viola da gamba. I also wrote a doctorate thesis on the subject which aims to enable the location and restoration of instruments like the Lewis, that have been transformed into celli due to their cello-like features: see

Third question:

Are there 2 Lewis viols?

Yes. The viola which was broken is one of 2 twin viols made by Edward Lewis, which my husband Eliahu Feldman and I have located, identified, bought and restored over the time span of 15 years. According to the dendrochronology made by John Topham, the two viols were cut from the same tree around 1661/2, as was another extant Lewis viol (in the usual viol shape). See…/The_Division_Viol_an_overview

Fourth question:

Do these viols belong to any institution?

No, they were bought privately by my husband Eliahu Feldman and myself over the years, restored and maintained with our own resources.

Regarding the Alitalia event:

Fifth question:

When, and how did Lewis viol get to Brazil?

Seven years ago, shortly after its restoration, I took it to my native-town Rio, which I visited twice a year to see and play for my elderly parents. The viola got there through El-Al (flight from Israel) and then one of its partners (from Europe to Brazil), taken by hand to the hold at the check-in in Israel (where its Gewa hard case got 4 “fragile” red stickers) and arrived safely to Rio, where it has been since then.

Sixth question:

Why was the viol taken from Brazil to Israel?

With the death of my parents, I decided to bring Lewis II home to join Lewis I for recordings and concerts.

Seventh question:

Why didn’t I in the first place buy a seat for the viol?

Because of my previous experiences of flying with viols. During 48 years of professional life, I made many flights with viols, which were accommodated in the wardrobe of the plane or taken by hand to the hold. Only once I had a problem when transporting a cello, but it had nothing to do with being put in the hold. After my viol arrived in delay after some concerts in Germany 10 years ago, I established a norm for performing trips, that the people who hire me pay an extra ticket for the viol or provide a local instrument for me to play, to fear that the instrument would not arrive on time. My last flight with a viol dissociated from performance had been the one bringing the Lewis to Rio.

Eight question:

Are there airline guidelines for those carrying big instruments in the hold?

Yes, and I followed British Airways' ones to “carry your musical instrument in a hard case and ensure you are properly insured” and arrive early at check-in (I arrived 3 hours before the flight…/sporting-goods-and-musical…. In addition, I removed from the viola all the items which could cause internal damage in case of a fall: sound-post, bridge, tailpiece, strings, pegs.

The hard case I used to and from Rio was a reliable German Gewa (bearing four “Fragile” stickers). The Gewa company wrote to me regarding the damage made to instrument and case on Alitalia flights AZ673 and AZ806:

"that’s really something what I never seen in such a damage kind like the shocking photos. The fiber from this case is really strong, to destroy it that must be one extremely pressure and impact on this case. We travel very often with our cello cases by plane, always by oversize luggage, but never happened something like this."

Ninth question:

What happened at the Alitalia check-in in Rio?

Alitalia claims that "Our representatives at check-in in Rio airport advised to buy an “extra seat” to guarantee the safe carriage of the instrument but this solution was not accepted by you.” This is NOT TRUE. What happened was the opposite: when I asked to take the instrument inside the cabin, they told me that the plane was full and even if I wanted, I could NOT buy an extra seat. And they told me not to worry, the instrument would be carried BY HAND into the plane. Would Alitalia have warned me of any danger, and offered me the possibility to buy a seat for the viola I would have done it without hesitation. They gave me a paper to sign acknowledging that my instrument was too big to be accepted in the cabin. This is NOT A PERMIT TO BREAK IT into pieces. Nothing in the world justifies handling of a fragile thing – bearing at least four big red fragile stickers - with such violence.

Tenth question:

What happened at the final destination, Tel Aviv?

As the viol was not brought and did not appear in the odd size section, I addressed the Lost & Found desk in order to locate my instrument. The clerk went to look for the instrument, and got back empty-handed saying that it had arrived broken, and that I had to fill a form. After I filled the form, they brought it, and the sight was shocking. The instrument, bow and hard case had been violently broken and the instrument was in pieces. No hard case would have resisted to what it was submitted, as if it had been run over and crushed by a heavy vehicle.

Eleventh question:

What has been Alitalia’s attitude?

Until now, Alitalia never bothered to give me a phone call. No human voice, no human contact. After four days they sent me a letter through my travel agent, saying: "We would like to express our deepest regret for the INCONVENIENCE you experienced while traveling on Alitalia flights AZ673 and AZ806 last January 2 from Rio de Janeiro to Tel Aviv.” They propose to give me a compensation according to the Montreal Convention - which does not cover even the cost of the instrument's case.

Should we musicians really be obliged to pay for extra seats for our big instruments or should airlines consider that we exist and have special problems?

Why can’t cellos and viols be stored inside the plane, in the same closet that stores the manual folding wheelchairs?

Why can’t cellos, viols, guitars be handed at the door of the plane (to be taken straight down to the hold making them far less likely to be damaged), and returned at the door after landing, exactly like baby strollers?

Fellow musicians in the world, we should NOT accept the present draconian rules that scorn our professional necessities. The younger musicians do not have even a clue of what kind of treatment was dispensed to us in the past. They think it is normal that airlines treat instruments worst than suitcases (mine, by the way, arrived unscathed!). But it is NOT normal. It is our duty to demand a change in this one-sided policy. For things are getting worse all the time, and nowadays, even violin cases are being rejected into the cabin of the planes. Yoyo Ma, Steven Isserlis, Jordi Savall, maybe you can help us out?

Myrna Herzog.

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